451 – Flavius Aetius’ defeated Attila the Hun.
1214 – The University of Oxford received its charter.
1631 – The Irish village of Baltimore was attacked by Algerian pirates.
1685 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth declared himself King of England at Bridgwater.
1756 – A British garrison was imprisoned in the Black Hole of Calcutta.
1782 – The U.S. Congress adopted the Great Seal of the United States.
1791 – King Louis XVI of France and his immediate family began the Flight to Varennes during The French Revolution.
1837 – Queen Victoria succeeded to the British throne.
1840 – Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.
1976 – Hundreds of Americans and Britons were moved from Beirut and taken to safety in Syria by the US military, following the murder of the US ambassador.
1979 – ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart was shot dead by a Nicaraguan soldier under the regime of Anastasio Somoza Debayle. The murder was caught on tape and sparked international outcry against the regime.
1990 – British Chancellor John Major proposed a new European currency which would circulate alongside existing national currencies.
1991 – The German parliament decided to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.