365 – A tsunami devestated the city of Alexandria, Egypt. The tsunami was caused by an earthquake estimated to be 8.0 on the Richter Scale. 5,000 people perished in the Alexandria, and 45,000 more died outside of the city.
1403 – King Henry IV of England defeated rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England.
1545 – French troops landed on the coast of the Isle of Wight.
1904 – Louis Rigolly, a Frenchman, became the first man to break the 100mph barrier on land. He drove a 15-liter Gobron-Brille in Ostend, Belgium.
1925 – In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
1925 – Sir Malcolm Campbell became the first man to break the 150mph land barrier at Pendine Sands in Wales. He drove a Sunbeam to a two-way average of 150.33mph.
1969 – Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
1972 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army set off 22 bombs in Belfast, Northern Ireland. 9 people were killed and 130 people seriously injured in what became known as Bloody Friday.
1973 – In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents killed a waiter whom they mistakenly believed was involved in 1972’s Munich Olympics Massacre.
1976 – Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland was assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
1983 – The world’s lowest temperature was recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at −89.2°C (−129°F).
1994 – Tony Blair was declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997.
2005 – Four terrorist bombs targeted London’s public transportation system. All four bombs failed to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers were captured.
2008 – Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadžić was arrested in Serbia.