The vast majority of the human genome plays a vital function by regulating the genes that build and maintain the body.

(This debunks the myth of “junk” DNA, a term coined 40 years ago to describe the part of the genome that does not contain any genes, but it is in fact an elaborate patchwork of regulatory sequences that act as a huge operating system for controlling the genome. So, be careful of calling stuff you don’t fully understand “junk”.)

The research was carried out by hundreds of researchers from 32 institutes around the world and the findings published in a series of 30 research papers in Nature, Science and other scientific journals.